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Full text of "History And Human Relation"

HISTORY   AND    HUMAN   RELATIONS

century, and as they came to be again for a period after
1919. The same States may preserve their independence
provided both Germany and Russia are strong, so that
when the giant on the one side seeks to oppress tlaem
they can look for help to the giant on the other side.
It is bound to be sad, however, for Poland, Czecho-
slovakia, etc., if only one of these giants is left standing
and there is no other great Power in the vicinity to
challenge or check this monster. Indeed, we have &en
how even in the last few years America, England and
the nations of Western Europe have been unable to
prevent this whole line of States from coming almost
entirely into the power of the Russian bear, Even in
our moment of victory we had to let these States fall
under what we regarded as the oppressor—a fact
even more remarkable (when the whole situation is
considered) than the case of Munich itself. Supposing
wars to be necessary and unavoidable—as indeed they
seem to be sometimes—it might • still be a question
whether we have conducted ours with a right mentality
or with a proper grasp of the essential issues- In
respect of the great diplomatic problem of the twentieth
century, we may wonder sometimes whether Russia was
so much more virtuous than Germany as to make it
worth the lives of tens of millions of people in two wars
to ensure that she (as a Communist system-—or even as a
Tsarist empire) should gain such an unchallenged and
exclusive hold over that line of Central European States
as Germany never had in all her history, and never could
haye had unless Russia had fitst been wiped out as a
great State. For it is just that kind of question—the

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